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Amarpur Mla Bibliography

The Complete Guide to MLA & Citations

What You’ll Find on This Guide:

This page provides an in-depth overview of MLA format. It includes information related to MLA citations, plagiarism, proper formatting for in-text and regular citations, and examples of citations for many different types of sources.

Looking for APA? Check out Citation Machine’s guide on APA format.

How to Be a Responsible Researcher or Scholar:

Putting together a research project involves searching for information, disseminating and analyzing information, collecting information, and repurposing information. Being a responsible researcher requires keeping track of the sources that were used to help develop your research project, sharing the information you borrowed in an ethical way, and giving credit to the authors of the sources you used. Doing all of these things prevents plagiarism.

What is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is the act of using others’ information without giving credit or acknowledging them. There are many examples of plagiarism. Completely copying another individual’s work without providing credit to the original author is a very blatant example of plagiarism. Plagiarism also occurs when another individual’s idea or concept is passed off as your own. Changing or modifying quotes, text, or any work of another individual is also plagiarism. Believe it or not, you can even plagiarize yourself! Re-using a project or paper from another class or time and saying that it is new is plagiarism. One way to prevent plagiarism is to add citations in your project where appropriate.

What is a Citation?

A citation shows the reader or viewer of your project where you found your information. Citations are included in the body of a project when you add a quote into your project. Citations are also included in the body when you’re paraphrasing another individual’s information. These citations that are found in the body of a research paper are called in-text, or parenthetical citations. These citations are found directly after the information that was borrowed and are very brief in order to avoid becoming distracted while reading a project. Included in these brief citations is usually just the last name of the author and a page number or the year published. Scroll down below for an in-depth explanation and examples of in-text and parenthetical citations.

In-text and parenthetical citations provide us with a brief idea as to where you found your information, it doesn't include the title and other components. Look on the last page or part of a research project, where complete citations can be found in their entirety.

Complete citations are found on what is called an MLA Works Cited page, which is sometimes called a bibliography. All sources that were used to develop your research project are found on the Works Cited page. Complete citations are created for any quotes or paraphrased information used in the text, but also any sources that helped you develop your research project. Included in complete citations is the author’s name, the title, publisher, year published, page numbers, URLs, and a few other pieces of information.

Looking to create your citations in just a few clicks? Try Citation Machine’s MLA formatter! The Citation Machine MLA generator, which is an MLA citation website, will create all of your citations in just a few clicks. Click here to see more across the site. Also, check out this article to see MLA citation in the news.

Why Does it Matter?

Citing your sources is an extremely important component of your research project. It shows that you’re a responsible researcher. It also shows that you were able to locate appropriate and reputable sources that helped back up your thesis or claim. In addition, if your work ends up being posted online or in print, there is a chance that others will use your research project in their own work!

Scroll down to find directions on how to create citations.

How the Modern Language Association Helps You Become a Responsible Researcher

What is MLA format?

The Modern Language Association is an organization that was created to develop guidelines on everything language and literature related. They have guidelines on proper grammar usage and research paper layouts. In addition, they have English and foreign language committees, numerous books and journal publications, and an annual conference.

What are citations?

The Modern Language Association is responsible for creating standards and guidelines on how to properly cite sources to prevent plagiarism. Their style is most often used when writing papers and citing sources in the liberal arts and humanities fields. Liberal arts is a broad term used to describe a range of subjects including the humanities, formal sciences such as mathematics and statistics, natural sciences such as biology and astronomy, and social science such as geography, economics, history, and others. The humanities specifically focuses on subjects related to languages, art, philosophy, religion, music, theater, literature, and ethics.

Believe it or not, there are thousands of other types of citation styles. While this citation style is most often used for the liberal arts and humanities fields, many other subjects, professors, and schools prefer citations and papers to be styled in MLA format.

Why do we use this style?

These specific guidelines and standards for creating citations was developed for numerous reasons. When scholars and researchers in the literature, language, and numerous other fields all cite their sources in the same manner, it makes it easier for readers to look at a citation and recognize and understand the different components of a source. From looking at a citation, we can see who the author is, the title of the source, when it was published, and other identifiable pieces of information.

Imagine how difficult it would be to understand the various components of a source if we didn’t all follow the same guidelines! Not only would it make it difficult to understand the source that was used, but it would also make it difficult for readers to locate it themselves. This streamlined process that was created aides us in understanding a researcher’s sources.

How is the new version different than previous versions?

This citation style has changed dramatically over the past couple of years. Currently in its 8th edition, the 8th version is a citation style that is much different than the previous formatting style.

In the 7th version, which is the format, or structure, that was previously used, researchers and scholars found it grueling to put their citations together. Why? Each source used a different citation structure. Researchers and scholars were required to look up the citation format that matched the type of source they used. So, if a person used a book, a website, a journal article, a newspaper article, and an e-book, all in one research project, they were required to look up how to cite each one of those sources because each was structured differently.

Now, with the new version of MLA formatting, which is version 8, all source types use the same citation structure. The Modern Language Association enacted this new format due to the many new and innovative ways of obtaining information. We are no longer receiving information through traditional means, such as books, websites, and articles. We can now obtain information through apps, advertisements, Tweets, other social media posts, and many other creative ways. To make the process of creating citations easier for researchers and scholars, the Modern Language Association decided to have one MLA citing format, which works for all source types.

Other changes were made as well. This includes:

  • removing http:// and https:// from URLs.
  • not including the city where a source was published or the name of the publisher from some source types (such as newspapers).
  • the ability to use a screen name or username in place of an author’s full name.
  • using the abbreviations vol. and no., for volume and number, when including information from a periodical.

A Deeper Look at Citations

What do they look like?

There are two types of citations. There are regular or complete citations, which are found at the end of research projects. These citations are usually listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last names and include all of the information necessary for readers to be able to locate the source themselves.

Regular citations are generally placed in this MLA citation format:

Last name of the author, First name of the author. “Source’s Title.” Container’s Title, roles and names of any other individuals who helped contribute to the source, the version of the source, any numbers associated with the source, the name of the publisher, the date the source was published, the location where individuals can find the source themselves (usually a URL or page range).

There are times when additional information is added into the regular citation.

Not sure how to transfer the information from your source into your citation? Confused about the term, “containers?” See below for information and complete explanations of each component of the citation.

The other type of citation, called an “in text citation,” is included in the main part, or body, of a project when a researcher uses a quote or paraphrases information from another source. See the next section to find out how to create in text citations.

What are in text and parenthetical citations?

As stated above, in text citations, also called parenthetical citations, are included in the main part of a project when using a quote or paraphrasing a piece of information from another source. We include these types of citations in the body of a project for readers to quickly gain an idea as to where we found the information.

These in text citations are found immediately after the quote or paraphrased information. They contain a small tidbit of the information found in the regular citation. The regular, or complete, citation is located at the end of a project.

Here’s what a typical in text or parenthetical citation looks like:

Throughout the novel, the mother uses a vast amount of Chinese wisdom to explain the world and people’s temperaments. She states, “each person is made of five elements….Too much fire and you have a bad temper...too little wood and you bent too quickly...too much water and you flowed in too many directions” (Tan 31).

This specific in text citation, (Tan 31), is included so that the reader sees that we are quoting something from page 31 in Tan’s book. The complete, regular citation isn’t included in the main part of the project because it would be too distracting for the reader. We want them to focus on our work and research, not necessarily our sources.

If the reader would like to see the source’s full information, and possibly locate the source themselves, they can refer to the last part of the project to find the regular citation.

The regular citation, at the end of the project looks like this:

Tan, Amy. The Joy Luck Club. Penguin, 1989, p. 31.

If your direct quote or paraphrase comes from a source that does not have page numbers, it is acceptable to place a paragraph number (use the abbreviation par. or pars.), sections (sec. or secs.), or chapters (ch. or chs.). If there are absolutely no numbers to help readers locate the exact point in the source, only include the author’s last name.

More About Quotations and How to Cite a Quote:

  • Use quotes from outside sources to help illustrate and expand on your own points, but the majority of your paper should be your own writing and ideas.
  • Include the quote exactly as you found it. It is okay to pull and use only certain words or phrases from the quote, but keep the words (spelling and capitalization) and punctuation the same.
  • It is acceptable to break up a direct quote with your own writing
  • The entire paper should be double spaced, including quotes.

Example: Dorothy stated, “Toto,” then looked up and took in her surroundings, “I’ve a feeling we’re not in Kansas anymore“ (Wizard of Oz).

  • If the quote is longer than four lines, it is necessary to make a block quote. Block quotes show the reader that they are about to read a lengthy amount of text from another source.
    • Start the quote on the next line, half an inch in from the left margin
    • Do not use any indents at the beginning of the block quote
    • Only use quotation marks if there are quotation marks present in the source
    • If there is more than one paragraph in the block quote, start the next paragraph with the same half inch indent
    • Add your in-text citation at the end of the block quote


While his parents sat there in surprise, Colton went onto say

“Cause I could see you,” Colon said matter-of-factly. “I went up and out of my body and I was looking down and I could see the doctor working on my body. And I saw you and Mommy. You were in a little room by yourself, praying; and Mommy was in a different room, and she was praying and talking on the phone” (Burpo xxi).

Confused about whether footnotes and endnotes should be used?

Footnotes and endnotes are not used in this style. Use in-text, or parenthetical citations, in the body of your work. In addition, create full, or regular citations, and place them at the end of your project on the Works Cited list.

If you need help with in text and parenthetical citations, Citation Machine can help. Citation Machine’s MLA citation generator is simple and easy to use!

Specific Components of a Citation

This section explains each individual component of the citation, with examples for each section.

Name of the Author

The author’s name is usually the first item listed in the citation. Author names start with the last name, then a comma is added, and then the author’s first name (and middle name if applicable) is at the end. A period closes this information.

Here are two examples of how an author’s name can be listed in a citation:

Twain, Mark.
Poe, Edgar Allan.

Wondering how to format the author’s name when there are two authors working jointly on a source? When there are two authors that work together on a source, the author names are placed in the order in which they appear on the source. Place their names in this format:

First listed author’s Last Name, First name, and Second author’s First Name Last Name.

Here are two examples of how to cite two authors:

Clifton, Mark, and Frank Riley.
Paxton, Roberta J., and Michael Jacob Fox.

There are many times when three or more authors work together on a source. This happens often with journal articles, edited books, and textbooks.

To cite a source with three or more authors, place the information in this format:

First listed author’s Last name, First name, et al.

As you can see, only include the first author’s name. The other authors are accounted for by using et al. In Latin, et al. is translated to “and others.” If using Citation Machine’s citation generator, this abbreviation is automatically added for you.

Here’s an example of a citation for three or more authors:

Warner, Ralph, et al. How to Buy a House in California. Edited by Alayna Schroeder, 12th ed., Nolo, 2009.

Is there no author listed on your source? If so, in MLA formatting, exclude the author’s information from the citation and begin the citation with the title of the source.

Was the source found on social media, such as a tweet, Reddit, or Instagram post? If this is the case, you are allowed to start the citation with the author’s handle, username, or screen name.

Here is an example of how to cite a tweet:

@CarlaHayden. “I’m so honored to talk about digital access at @UMBCHumanities. We want to share the @libraryofcongress collection.” Twitter, 13 Apr. 2017, 6:04 p.m.,

While most citations begin with the name of the author, they do not necessarily have to. Quite often, sources are compiled by editors. Or, your source may be done by a performer or composer. If your project focuses on someone other than the author, it is acceptable to place that person’s name first in the citation. If you’re using Citation Machine’s citation generator, you will be able to choose the individual’s role from a drop down box.

For example, let’s say that in your research project, you focus on Leonardo DiCaprio’s performances as an actor. You’re quoting a line from the movie, Titanic, in your project, and you’re creating a complete citation for it in the Works Cited list.

It is acceptable to show the reader that you’re focusing on Leonardo DiCaprio’s work by citing it like this in the MLA Works Cited list:

DiCaprio, Leonardo, performer. Titanic. Directed by James Cameron. Paramount, 1997.

Notice that when citing an individual other than the author, place the individual’s role after their name. In this case, Leonardo DiCaprio is the performer.

This is often done with edited books, too. Place the editor’s name first (in reverse order), add a comma, and then add the word editor.

If you’re still confused about how to place the authors together in a citation, Citation Machine can help! Our website is easy to use and will create your citations in just a few clicks!

Titles and Containers

The titles are written as they are found on the source, and in title form, meaning the important words start with a capital.

Here’s an example of a title written properly:

Practical Digital Libraries: Books, Bytes, and Bucks.

Wondering whether to place your title in italics or quotation marks? It depends on whether the source sits by itself or not. If the source stands alone, meaning that it is an independent source, place the title in italics. If the title is part of a larger whole, place the title of the source in quotation marks and the source it sits in, in italics.

When citing full books, movies, websites, or albums in their entirety, these titles are written in italics.

However, when citing part of a source, such as an article on a website, a chapter in a book, a song on an album, or an article in a scholarly journal, the part is written with quotation marks and then the titles of the sources that they are found in are written in italics.

Here are some examples to help you understand how to format titles and their containers.

To cite Pink Floyd’s entire album, The Wall, cite it as this:

Pink Floyd. The Wall. Columbia, 1979.

To cite one of the songs on Pink Floyd’s album, cite it as this:

Pink Floyd. “Another Brick in the Wall (Part I).” The Wall, Columbia, 1979, track 3.

To cite a fairy tale book in its entirety, cite it as this:

Colfer, Chris. The Land of Stories. Little Brown, 2016.

To cite a specific story, or chapter, in the book, it would be cited as this:

Colfer, Chris. “Little Red Riding Hood.” The Land of Stories, Little Brown, 2016, pp. 58-65.

More About Containers:

From the section above, you can see that titles can stand alone or they can sit in a container. Many times, sources can sit in more than one container. Wondering how? When citing an article in a scholarly journal, the first container is the journal. The second container? It’s the database that the scholarly journal is found in. It is important to account for all containers, so that readers are able to locate the exact source themselves.

When citing a television episode, the first container is the name of the show and the second container is the name of the service that it could be streaming on, such as Netflix.

If your source sits in more than one container, the information about the second container is found at the end of the citation.

Use the following format to cite your source with multiple containers:

Last name of the author, First name of the author. “Source’s Title.” Container’s Title, roles and names of any other individuals who helped contribute to the source, the version of the source, any numbers associated with the source, the name of the publisher, the date the source was published, the location where individuals can find the source themselves (usually a URL or page range). Title of Second Container, roles and names of any other contributors, the version of the second container, any numbers associated with the second container, the name of the second container’s publisher, the date the second container was published, location.

If the source has more than two containers, add on another full other section at the end for each container.

Not all of the fields in the citation format above need to be included in your citation. In fact, many of these fields will most likely be omitted from your citations. Only include the elements that will help your readers locate the source themselves.

Here is an example of a citation for a scholarly journal article found on a database. This source has two containers, the journal itself is one container, and the site it sits on is the other.

Zanetti, Francois. “Curing with Machine: Medical Electricity in Eighteenth-Century Paris.” Technology and Culture, vol. 54, no. 3, July 2013, pp. 503-530. Project Muse,

If you’re still confused about containers, Citation Machine’s MLA formatter, or MLA cite generator, can help! MLA citing is easier when using Citation Machine’s website.

Other contributors

Many sources have people, besides the author, who contribute to the source. If your research project focuses on an additional individual besides the author, or you feel as though including other contributors will help the reader locate the source themselves, include their names in the citation.

To include another individual in the citation, after the title, place the role of the individual, the word by, and then their name in standard order.

If the name of the contributor comes after a period, capitalize the first letter in the role of the individual. If it comes after a comma, the first letter in the role of the individual is lowercased.

Here’s an example of a citation for a children’s book with the name of the illustrator included.

Rubin, Adam. Dragons Love Tacos. Illustrated by Daniel Salmieri, Penguin, 2012.

The names of editors, directors, performers, translators, illustrators, and narrators can often be found in this part of the citation.


If the source that you’re citing states that it is a specific version or edition, this information is placed in the “versions” section of the citation.

When including a numbered edition, do not type out the number, use the numeral. Also, abbreviate the word edition to ed.

Here is an example of a citation with a specific edition:

Koger, Gregory. “Filibustering and Parties in the Modern State.” Congress Reconsidered, edited by Lawrence C. Dodd and Bruce I. Oppenheimer, 10th ed., CQ Press, 2013, pp. 221-236. Google Books,


Many sources have numbers associated with them. If you see a number, different than the date, page numbers, or editions, include this information in the “numbers” section of the citation. This includes volume and/or issue numbers (use the abbreviations vol. and no.), episode numbers, track numbers, or any other numbers that will help readers identify the specific source that you used. Do not include ISBN (International Standard Book Numbers) in the citation.


In MLA format citing, it is important to include the name of the publisher (the organization that created or published the source), so that readers can locate the exact source themselves.

Include publishers for all sources except for periodicals. Also, for websites, exclude this information when the name of the publisher matches the name of the website. Furthermore, the name of the publisher is often excluded from the citation for second containers, since the publisher of the second container is not necessarily responsible for the creation or production of the source’s content.

Publication dates

Publication dates are extremely important to include in citations. They allow the reader to understand when sources were published. They are also used when readers are attempting to locate the source themselves.

Dates can be written in one of two ways. Researchers can write dates as:

Day Mo. Year
Mo. Day, Year

Whichever format you decide to use, use the same format for all of your citations. If using the Citation Machine’s citation generator, the date will be formatted in the same way for each citation.

While it isn’t necessary to include the full date for all source citations, use the amount of information that makes the most sense to help your readers understand and locate the source themselves.

Wondering what to do when your source has more than one date? Use the date that is most applicable to your research.


The location generally refers to the place where the readers can find the source. This includes page ranges, URLs, DOI numbers, track numbers, disc numbers, or even cities and towns.

When MLA citing websites, make sure to remove the beginning of the URL (http:// or https://) as it is not necessary to include this information.

For page numbers, when citing a source that sits on only one page, use p. Example: p. 6.
When citing a source that has a page range, use pp. and then add the page numbers. Example: pp. 24-38.

Since the location is the final piece of the citation, place a period at the end.

Looking for an online tool to do the work for you? Citation Machine can help! Our site is simple (and fun!) to use.

Need some more help? There is further good information here

Common Citation Examples:

ALL sources use this format:

Last name of the author, First name of the author. “Source’s Title.” Container’s Title, roles and names of any other individuals who helped contribute to the source, the version of the source, any numbers associated with the source, the name of the publisher, the date the source was published, the location where individuals can find the source themselves (usually a URL or page range). *Title of Second Container, roles and names of any other contributors, the version of the second container, any numbers associated with the second container, the name of the second container’s publisher, the date the second container was published, location.

*If the source does not have a second container, omit this last part of the citation.

Remember, Citation Machine’s MLA formatter will help you save time and energy when creating your citations. Check out our MLA Citation Machine page to learn more.


Collins, Suzanne. The Hunger Games. Scholastic, 2008.

Chapter in an Edited Book:

Khan, Maryam. “Co-branding in the Restaurant Industry.” Managing Tourism and Hospitality Services: Theory and International Application. Edited by B. Prideaux et al., CABI, 2005, pp. 73-82.

Print Scholarly Journal Articles:

Zak, Elizabeth. “Do You Believe in Magic? Exploring the Conceptualization of Augmented Reality and its Implications for the User in the Field of Library and Information Science.” Information Technology & Libraries, vol. 33, no. 3, 2014, pp. 23-50.

Online Scholarly Journal Articles:

Kuzuhara, Kenji, et al. “Injuries in Japanese Mini-Basketball Players During Practices and Games.” Journal of Athletic Training, vol. 51. no. 2, Dec. 2016, p. 1022. Gale Health Reference Center Academic,

How to Cite a Website:

When citing a website, individuals are often actually citing a specific page on a website. They’re not actually citing the entire website.

Here is the most common way to cite a page on a website:

  • Start the citation with the name of the author who wrote the information on the page. If there isn’t an author listed, do not include this information in the citation. Start the citation with the title.
  • The title of the individual page is placed in quotation marks, followed by a period.
  • Next, place the name of the website in italics, followed by a comma.
  • If the name of the publisher matches the name of the author or the name of the title, do not include the publisher’s information in the citation.
  • The date the page or website was published comes next.
  • End the citation with the URL. When including the URL, remove http:// and https:// from the URL. Since most websites begin with this prefix, it is not necessary to include it in the citation.

Last name, First name of author. “Title of Web Page.” Title of Website, Publisher, Date published, URL.

Rothfeld, Lindsay. “Smarter Education: The Rise of Big Data in the Classroom.” Mashable, 3 Sept. 2014,

(When citing websites, remember to remove http:// and https:// from the URL.)

Print Newspaper Articles:

Bloomgarden-Smoke, Kara. “Medium Cool.” New York Observer, 2 Mar. 2015, pp. 14-17.

Online Newspaper Articles:

Skiba, Katherine. “Obama To Hold First Public Event Since Leaving Office in Chicago on Monday.” Los Angeles Times, 24 Apr. 2017,

Television Shows:

“Three Turkeys.” Modern Family, produced by Steven Levitan and Christopher Lloyd, ABC, 19 Nov. 2014.


Home Alone. Performance by Macaulay Culkin, directed by Chris Columbus, 20th Century Fox, 1990.

YouTube Videos:

DJ Mag. “Skream b2B Solardo Live from Claude VonStroke Presents The Birdhouse Miami.” YouTube, 29 Mar. 2017,


Gates, Melinda. “Today, Bill and I were deeply humbled to accept France’s Legion of Honour award on behalf of all our foundation’s partners and grantees.” Twitter, 21 Apr. 2017, 2:36 p.m.,

How to Cite an Image:

There are a variety of ways to cite an image. This section will show how to cite a digital image found on a website and an image in print

How to cite a digital image:

Use this structure to cite a digital image:

Last name, First name of the creator (if available). “Title or Description of the Image*. Title of the Website, Publisher**, Date published, URL.

*if the digital image does not have an official title, create a brief description. Do not place the description in quotation marks or italics. In addition, only capitalize the first letter in the description and any proper nouns.
**If the name of the publisher is the same as the author or the same name as the website, do not include the publisher in the citation.


“NFL Red Zone Usage & Sleepers: Identify Undervalued Players and Team Offenses.” RotoBaller,

Wondering how to cite an image found through a search engine, such as Google? Head to the site where the image “lives,” by clicking on the link that leads you to the website. Cite the image using the information from the original site.

How to cite an image in print:

Last name, First name of the creator (if available). "Title" or Description of the Image*. Title of the Container, such as a the Book Title, Magazine Title, etc., Publisher**, Date published, page or page range.

*if the digital image does not have an official title, create a brief description. Do not place the description in quotation marks or italics. In addition, only capitalize the first letter in the description and any proper nouns.

**If the name of the publisher is the same as the author or the same name as the website, do not include the publisher in the citation.


Photograph of Kate Middleton. Metro New York, 19 July 2017, p.17.

How to Cite a Magazine in Print:

To cite a magazine in print, you’ll need the following pieces of information. They can be found on the cover of the magazine and on the article itself:

  • The name of the magazine
  • The date the magazine was published
  • The title of the magazine article
  • The name of the author of the article
  • The page or page range the article is found on.

On the cover of most magazines, you can find the title of the magazine as well as the date the magazine was published. On the article itself, you can find the name of the article’s author(s), the title of the article, and the page or page range that the article is found on.

If the article appears on nonconsecutive pages, include the page number for the first page the article is found on, and then add a plus sign after it. Example: 61+

Place the information in this format:

Last name, First name of the Article’s Author. “Title of the Article.” Title of the Magazine, Date published, page range.

Example for the print magazine article above:

Gopnik, Adam. “A New Man: Ernest Hemingway, Revised and Revisited.” The New Yorker, 3 July 2017, pp. 61-66.

How to Cite an Essay

An essay is an analytic writing piece that is generally short in length (compared to books and journal articles) and focuses on a specific topic or subject. Citing an essay is similar to citing a chapter in a book or a story in an anthology. Include the name of the individual author or the group of authors, the title of the essay (placed in quotation marks), the title of the book, collection, or site the essay is found on (in italics), the name of the editor (if there is one), the volume and issue number (if they are available), the publication date, and the location. The location can be either a page range or a URL.

Here is an MLA formatting example of how to cite an essay:

Hasen, Richard L. “Race or Party? How Courts Should Think About Republican Efforts to Make it Harder to Vote in North Carolina and Elsewhere.” Harvard Law Review Forum, vol. 125, no. 58, 7 Jan. 2014,

Click here for additional information on essays

How to Cite an Interview:

To cite interviews:

  • Place the name of the person being interviewed at the beginning of the citation, in the author’s position
  • The title or description of the interview comes next. If there isn’t a formal title, only use the word Interview as the title and do not place it in quotation marks or italics.
  • If found online or in a book, include the title of the website or book after the title.
  • After the title, it is acceptable to include the name of the interviewer. Include this information especially if it will help readers locate the interview themselves or if it’s relevant to the research paper.
  • Include the publisher if it is a published interview and if it differs from any other information already found in the citation.
  • Include the date that the interview was either published or the date that the interview occurred.
  • If found online, include the URL. Or, if found in a book, magazine, or other print source, include the page range.

Here are two examples:

Gutman, Dan. “Interview with Children’s Author Dan Gutman.” The Washington Post, 9 Mar. 2011,

Lin, Brenda. Interview. By Michele Kirschenbaum. 17 July 2017.

How to Cite a PDF:

Check to see if the the PDF is written by an individual, set of authors, or an organization or company. If it is not written by an individual or a set of authors, use the name of the organization or company responsible for creating the PDF in place of the author’s name. Continue with the title of the PDF, version (if there are different versions available), the publisher (only include if the name of the publisher is different than the name of the author or the title), the publication date, and the location (usually a URL if found online).

Notice that in the example below, the name of the publisher (The American Podiatric Medical Association) is omitted since the name of the publisher is the same name as the author.

MLA format example:

American Podiatric Medical Association. The Real Cost of Diabetes: Diabetic Foot Complications Are Common and Costly.

Click here for more on PDFs

How to Cite a Textbook in Print:

To cite a full textbook in print, you’ll need to find the following pieces of information:

  • The name of the author(s) or editor(s)
  • The title of the textbook, including any subtitles
  • The version of the textbook (such as a numbered edition or revised edition)
  • The name of the publisher
  • The year the textbook was published

Place the pieces of information in this format:

Last name, First name of the author or Last name, First name, editor. Title of the Textbook. Version, Publisher, Year published.

If the textbook was compiled by an editor, use this format at the beginning of the citation:

Last name, First name, editor.

Examples of how to cite a textbook in print:

Lilly, Leonard S. Braunwald’s Heart Disease: Review and Assessment. 9th ed., Elsevier Saunders, 2012.

Cherny, Nathan, et al., editors. Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine. 5th ed., Oxford UP, 2015.

How to Cite a Chapter from a Textbook in Print:

To cite an individual chapter, you’ll need to find the following pieces of information:

  • The name of the author(s) of the individual chapter or section
  • The title of the individual chapter or section
  • The title of the textbook
  • The name of the editors of the textbook
  • The version of the textbook (such as a numbered edition or a revised edition)
  • The name of the publisher
  • The year the textbook was published

Place the pieces of information in this format:

Last name, First name of the chapter author. “Title of the chapter or section.” Title of the Textbook, edited by First name Last name of editor, version, Publisher, Year published, page or page range.

Example of how to cite a chapter from a textbook in print:

Riley, Simon C., and Michael J. Murphy. “Student Choice in the Undergraduate Curriculum: Student-Selected Components.” Oxford Textbook of Medical Education, edited by Kieran Walsh, Oxford UP, pp. 50-63.

How to Cite a Survey

Surveys can be found online or in print. Find the format below that matches the type of survey you’re attempting to cite.

To cite a survey found on a website, follow this structure:

Last name, First name of survey’s creator(s) OR organization responsible for its creation. “Title of the Survey.” Title of the Website, Publisher (if different than the author or website title), Publication date, URL.


International Food Information Council Foundation. “Food Decision 2016: Food & Health Survey.” Food Insight, International Center of Excelled in Food Risk Communication, 2016,

To cite a survey found in print, follow this structure:

Last name, First name of survey’s creator(s) OR organization responsible for its creation. “Title of Survey.” Title of Publication, Publisher (if different than the author or website title), Publication date, page or page range that survey is found on.

Don’t see your source type on this guide? Citation Machine’s citation generator can create your citations for you! Our website will help you develop your works cited page and in text and parenthetical citations in just a few clicks.

Looking for APA? Check out Citation Machine’s guide on APA format.

Need some more help? There is further good information here

Check out this article to see it in the news.

How to Format and Write a Paper

When it comes to formatting your paper or essay for academic purposes, there are specific guidelines to follow. The section that follows will answer the following questions: How to format an MLA paper, How to create papers, and How to write in MLA format. If you’re trying to learn how to format your essay, this section will help you too.

  • Use paper that is 8½-by-11 inch in size. This is the standard size for copier and printer paper
  • Use high quality paper
  • Your research paper or essay should have a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, left, and right sides of the paper
  • While most word processors automatically format your paper to have one-inch margins, you can check or modify the margins of your paper by going to the “Page setup” section of your word processor. Click here for more on margins.

Which font is acceptable to use?

  • Use an easily readable font, specifically one that allows readers to see the difference between regular and italicized letters.
  • Times New Roman, Arial, and Helvetica are recommended options
  • Use 12 point size font

Should I double space the paper, including citations?

  • Double space the entire paper
  • There should be a double space between each piece of information in the heading
  • Place a double space between the heading and the title
  • Place a double space between the title and the beginning of the essay
  • The Works Cited page should be double spaced as well. All citations are double spaced

Justification & Punctuation

  • Text should be left-justified, meaning that the text is aligned, or lies flush, against the left margin
  • New paragraphs should be indented half an inch from the left margin
    • Indents signal to the reader that a new concept or idea is about to begin
    • Use the “tab” button on your keyboard to create an indent
  • Add one space after all punctuation marks

Heading & Title

  • Include a proper heading and title
    • The heading should include the following, on separate lines, starting one inch from the top and left margins:
      • Your full name
      • Your teacher or professor’s name
      • The course number
      • Date
        • Dates in the heading and the body of your essay should be consistent. Use the same format, either Day Month Year or Month Day, Year throughout the entire paper
        • Examples: 27 July 2017 or July 27, 2017
    • The title should be underneath the heading, centered in the middle of the page, without bold, underlined, italicized, or all capital letters.

Page numbers

  • Number all pages, including the Works Cited page
    • Place page numbers in the top right corner, half an inch from the top margin and one inch from the right margin.
    • Include your last name to the left of the page number
      Example: Jacobson 4

Works Cited

  • The Works Cited list should be at the end of the paper, on its own page.
    • If a citation flows onto the second line, indent it in half an inch from the left margin (called a hanging indent).
    • For more information on the Works Cited list, refer to “How to Make a Works Cited Page,” which is found below.

How to Create a Title Page:

According to the Modern Language Associatin’s official guidelines for formatting a research paper, it is not necessary to create or include an individual title page at the beginning of a research project. Instead, follow the directions above, under “Heading & Title,” to create a proper heading. This heading is featured at the top of the first page of the research paper or research assignment.

If your instructor or professor does in fact require or ask for a title page, follow the directions that you are given. They should provide you with the information needed to create a separate, individual title page. If they do not provide you with instructions, and you are left to create it at your own discretion, use the header information above to help you develop your research paper title page. You may want to include other information, such as the name of your school or university.

How to Make a Works Cited Page:

The MLA Works Cited page is generally found at the end of a research paper or project. It contains a list of all of the citations of sources used for the research project. Follow these directions to format the Works Cited list to match the Modern Language Association’s guidelines.

  • The Works Cited list has its own page, at the end of a research project
  • Include the same running head as the rest of the project (Your last name and then the page number). The Works Cited List has the final page number for the project.
  • Name the page “Works Cited,” unless your list only includes one citation. In that case, title it as “Work Cited.”
  • The title of the page (either Works Cited or Work Cited) is placed one inch from the top of the page, centered in the middle of the document.
  • Double space the entire document, even between the title of the page and the first citation.
  • Citations are listed in alphabetical order by the first word in the citation (usually the last name of the author or the first word in the title if the citation does not include the author’s name. Ignore A, An, and The if the title begins with these words.)
  • All citations begin flush against the left margin. If the citation is long in length, and rolls onto a second or third line, the lines below the first line are indented half an inch from the left margin. This is called a “hanging indent.” The purpose of a hanging indent is to make the citations easier to read.

Wai-Chung, Ho. “Political Influences on Curriculum Content and Musical Meaning: Hong Kong Secondary Music Education, 1949-1997.” Journal of Historical Research in Music Education, vol. 22, no. 1, 1 Oct. 2000, pp. 5-25. Periodicals Index Online,

  • Works Cited pages can be longer than one page. Use as many pages as necessary.

Candidates List for Bihar Assembly Elections 2015

Candidates for Bihar Elections

The legislative assembly in Bihar is going to end on 29 November. The elections for the new assembly are likely to be held in September or October. The major political parties like the JD (U) and the RJD have already announced that they will be contesting the elections jointly under the leadership of Nitish Kumar. Other political parties will also be fighting the elections. However, the parties have not yet released the names of the candidates and the number of constituencies they will be contesting from.

  • BJP & Three alliance clinch seat sharing pact for Bihar Polls: Total seats 243 seats: BJP 160, LJP 40, RLSP 23 & HAM 20

  • JDU, RJD and Congress will be contesting 243 seats and their seat sharing is as follows: JD-U, RJD to contest on 101 seats each and Congress on 41 seats.

  • The Third Front Alliance will be contesting 243 seats and their seat sharing is as follows: SP-85 seats, JAP-64, NCP-40, SSP-28, SJP-23 and NPP-3.
The lists of the candidates from different political parties will be posted on our website as soon as the parties will release them.

Party Wise MLA Candidates List for Bihar Polls 2015

BJP  |   LJP   |   HAM   |   RLSP  |   Congress  |   JDU  |   RJD  |   JAP  |   SP

Phase Wise Candidates List

Phase 1  |  Phase 2

BJP Candidate List for Bihar Election 2015

AC No.AC NameCandidates NamePhase
136Sarai RanjanRanjit Nirguni 1
139Rosada (SC)Manju Hazari 1
143TegadhaRam Lakhan Singh 1
144Singh MatihaniSarvesh Kumar 1
146Begu SaraiSurendra Mehta 1
147Bakhri (SC)Ramanand Ram 1
151ParbattaRamanuj Chowdhary 1
152BihpurKumar Shailendra 1
153GopalpurAnil Yadav 1
154PeerPatiLallan Paswan 1
161BankaRam Narayan Mandal 1
162Katoria (ST)Nikki Hembram 1
163BelharManoj Yadav 1
165Yadav MungerPranav Kumar 1
167SuryagarahPrem Ranjan patel 1
168Lakhi SaraiVijay Kumar Sinha 1
235Rajauli (SC)Arjun Ram 1
236HisuaAnil Singh 1
242JhajhaRavindra Yadav 1
133SamastipurRenu Kushawah1
135MorvaSuresh Rai1
156BhagalpurArjit Saswat1
239WarsaliganjAruna Devi1
241JamuiAjay Pratap Singh1
137MohiuddinnagarSatyendra Singh1
238GobindpurPhulwa devi Yadav1
159AmarpurMrinal Sheker1
203RamgarhAshok Singh 2
204Mohania (SC)Neeranjan Ram 2
206ChainpurBrij Kishore Bind 2
208SasaramJawahar Prasad 2
210DinaraRajendra Singh 2
211NokhaRameshwar Prasad Chaurasia 2
213KarakatRajeshwar Raj 2
214ArvalChitranjan Kumar 2
219GohManoj Sharma 2
221Naveen NagarGopal Singh 2
223AurangabaadRamadhar Singh 2
225GuruaRajiv Dangi 2
229BodhgayaShyam Dev Paswan 2
230GayaPrem Kumar 2
234WazirganjVirendra Singh 2
205BhabuaAnand Bhushan Pandey2
8BetiyanRenu Devi 3
19MotihariPramod Kumar 3
28SitamarhiSunil Kumar 5
32BenipattiVinod Kumar Narayan Jha3
173RajgirSatyadev Narayan Arya 3
182BankipurNitin Naveen 3
183KumrarArun Kumar 3
184Patna SahibNand Kishore Yadav 3
194AarahAmrendra Pradap Singh 3
113EkmaKameshwar Singh3
115BaniapurTarkeshwar Singh3
116TaraiyaJanak Singh3
117MarhauraLal Babu Rai3
118ChapraC.N Gupta3
119Grkha (SC)Gyanchand Manjhi3
120AmnaurSatrudhan Tiwari3
122SonepurVinay Kumar Singh3
128RaghopurSatish Kumar Yadav3
129MahnarDr. Achyutanand3
130Patepur (SC)Mahendra Baidha3
172BiharsharifDr. Sunil Kushwaha3
179BarhGyandra Kumar3
180BakhtiarpurRanvijay Singh3
181Dighasanjeev Chaurasia3
186DanapurAsha Sinha3
187ManerSrikant Nirala3
191BikramAnil Kumar3
192SandeshSanjay Singh3
193BarharaAsha Devi3
195AgiaonShivesh Kumar3
198ShahpurVisheswar Singh3
199BarhampurVivek Thakur3
200BuxarPradeep Dubey3
202Rajpur (SC)Vishwanath Ram3
176Nalandakaushlendra Yadav3
174IslampurVrindra Gop3
2Ramnagar (SC)Bhagirathi Devi4
3NarkatiaganjRenu Kumari4
4BagahaRaghav Saran Pandey4
5LauriyaVinay Bihari4
6NautanNaryana Prasad4
7ChanpatiaPrakah Rai4
9SiktaDilip Verma4
10RaxaulDr. Ajay Kumar Singh4
11SugauliRam Chandra Sahni4
13HarsidhiKrishanandan paswan4
15KesariaRajendra Gupta4
16KalyanpurSachindra Prasad 4
17PipraShyam Babu Prasad4
18MadhubanRana Randhir Singh4
20ChiraiaLal Babu Prasad Gupta4
21DhakaPawan Kumar4
23RigaMoti Lal4
24BathnahaDinkar Ram4
25PariharGayatri Devi Yadav4
88GaighatVina Devi4
89AuraiRam Surat Rai4
92SakraArjun Ram4
94MuzaffarpurSuresh Kumar Verma4
96BarurajArun Kumar Singh4
97ParooAshok Kumar Singh4
98SahebganjRaju Kumar Singh4
99BaikunthpurMithilesh Tiwari4
100BarauliRam Pravesh Rai4
101GopalganjSubhash Singh4
103BhoreyIndra Dev Manjhi4
105SiwanVyash Dev Prasad4
106ZiradeiAsha Devi4
107DarauliRamyan Manjhi4
108RaghunathpurManoj Singh4
109DaraundhaJitendra Sawami4
111GoriyakothiDevesh Kant Singh4
112MaharajganjKumar Dev Ranjan Singh4
90PaliganjAjay Kushwaha4
93KurhaniKedar Gupta4
33KhajauliArun Shankar Prasad5
36MadhubaniRam Dev Mahto5
37RajnagarRam Preet Paswan5
38JhanjharpurNitish Mishra5
40LaukahaPramod Priyadarshi5
41NirmaliRam Kumar Rai5
42PipraVishaw Mahon Kumar5
45ChhatapurNiraj Singh Bablu5
46NarpatganjJanardhan Yadav5
48ForbesganjManchan Kesri5
51SiktiVijay Mandal5
54KishanganjSweety Singh5
56AmourSaba Jaffer5
58KasbaPradeep Kumar Das5
59BanmankhiKrishna Kumar5
62PurniaVijay Khemka5
63KatiharTara Kishor Prasad5
64KadwaChandra Bhusan Thakur5
66PranpurVinod Singh5
68Bararivibhash chandra choudhary5
69KorhaMahesh Paswan5
71BihariganjDr. Ravichandran Yadav5
73MadhepuraVijay Kumar Yadav5
75SaharsaAlok Ranjan5
80BenipurGopal Thakur5
81AlinagarMishilal Yadav5
83DarbhangaSanjay Sarabagi5
85BahadurpurHari Sahni5
86KeotiAshok Yadav5
87JaleJivesh Kumar Mishra5
39PhulparasRam Sunder Yadav5
52BahadurganjAvadh Bihari Singh5
55KochadhamanAbdur Rehman5
60RupauliPermanand Mandal5

JDU Candidate List 2015

S.No.AC NoAC NameCandidates NamePhase
1159AmarpurJanardan Manji1
2150BeldaurPannalal Singh Patel1
3163BelharGiridhari Yadav1
4138BibhutipurRambalak Singh1
5141Cheria-BariapurManju Verma1
6160DhoraiyaManeesh Kumar1
7153GopalpurNarendra Kumar Neeraj1
8140HasanpurRajkumar Rai1
9236HisuaKaushal Yadav1
10166JamalpurShailesh Kumar1
11242JhajhaDamodar Yadav1
12149KhagariaPoonam Devi Yadav1
13168LakhisaraiRamanand Mandal1
1467MatihariNarendra Kumar Singh1
15135MorwaVidyasagar Singh Nishad1
16158NathnagarAjay Kumar Mandal1
17151ParbattaRamanand Singh1
18136SarairanjanVijay Kumar Chaudhary1
19169SheikhpuraRandhir Kumar Soni1
20157SultanganjSubodh Rai1
21164TarapurMeewalal Chaudhary1
22132WarisnagarAshok Kumar1
23239WarsaliganjPradeep Kumar1
2416KalyanpurMaheshwar Hazari1
25205BhabuaPramod Kumar Singh2
26206ChainpurMahabali Singh2
27210DinaraJai Kumar Singh2
28217GhosiKrishna Nandan Verma2
29219GohRan Vijar Kumar2
30225GuruaRamchandra Prasad2
31227ImamganjUday Narayan Chaudhary2
32209KargaharVashishth Singh2
33215KurthaSatyadev Kushwaha2
34221NabinagarVeerendra Singh2
35224RafiganjAshok Kumar Singh2
36226SherghatiVinod Prasad Yadav2
37231TikariAbhay Kushwaha2
38195AgiaonPrabhunath Ram3
39120AmnourKrishna Kumar alias Manto Singh3
40171AsthawanJitendra Kumar3
41179BarhManoj Kumar Singh3
42172BiharsharifAsgan Shameen3
43181DighaRajiv Ranjan Prasad3
44201DumraonDadan Singh Yadav3
45113EkmaManoranjan Singh3
46177HamautHari Narayan Singh3
47174IslampurChandrasen Prasad3
48124LalganjVijay Shukla3
49129MahnarUmesh Kushwaha3
50178MokamaNeeraj Kumar3
51176NalandaShravan Kumar3
52188PhulwariShyam Rajak3
53173RajgirTo be announced3
54202RajpurSantosh Nirala3
55125VaishaliRaj Kishor Singh (Raisa)3
564BagahaBhishma Sahni4
5799BaikunthpurManjeet Kumar Singh4
5827BajpattiRanju Geeta4
59110BarhariaShyam Bahadur Singh4
6030BelsandSunita Singh4
6191BochahanRamai Rai4
627ChanpatiaNN Sahi4
63109DaraundaKavita Singh4
64104HathuaRam Sevak Singh4
65131KalyanpurRaziya Khatoon4
66102KuchaikoteAmrendra Kumar Pandey4
6793KurhaniManoj Kushwaha4
6818MadhubanShivji Rai4
69112MaharganjHemnarayan Singh4
7094MuzaffarpurVijender Chaudhary4
716NautanVaidyanath Mahto4
7217PipraAwadesh Prasad Kushwaha4
749SiktaKhurshid Alam4
75105SiwanBabloo Prasad4
76106ZiradeiRamesh Kushwaha4
7770AlamnagarNarendra Narayan5
7834BabubarhiKapildev Kamath5
7965BalrampurDulal Chand Goswami5
8080BenipurSunil Chaudhary5
8171BihariganjNiranjan Kumar Mehta5
8261DhamdahaLeshi Singh5
8379Gaura BuaramMadan Sahni5
8484HayaghatAmarnath Gami5
8587JaleRishi Mishra5
8650JokihatSarfaraz Alam5
8763KatiharVijay Singh5
8855KochadhamanMuhammad Mujahid Alam5
8978Kusheshwar AsthanShashi Bhushan Hajari5
9040LaukahaLakshmeswar Rai5
9141NirmaliAniruddh Yadav5
9239PhulparasGulzar Devi5
9347RaniganjAchamit Rishidev5
9460RupauliBima Bharti5
9551SiktiShatrughan Mandal5
9676Simri BakhtiapurDinesh Yadav5
9772SingheshwarRamesh Rishidev5
9874SonbarshaRatnesh Sada5
9943SupaulBijendra Prasad Yadav5
10053ThakurganjNaushad Alam5
10144TriveniganjBeena Bharti5

Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) Candidate List 2015

AC No.AC NameCandidates NamePhase
138BibhutpurRamesh Singh1
141Cheria BariarpurAnil Choudhary1
148AlauliPasupati Kumar Paras1
240SikandraSubhash Chandra Bose1
131KalyanpurPrince Raj1
166JamalpurEng. Himanshu Kumar1
158NathnagarAmar Kushwaha1
142BachwaraArvind Kumar Singh1
155KahalgaonNeeraj Mandal1
150BeldaurMithilesh Kumar Nishad1
243ChakaiVijay Singh1
145Sabehpur KamalMohammad Aslam1
132WarisnagarChandreswar Rai Yadav1
233AtriArvind Singh2
185RafiganjPramod Singh2
178BarachattiSudha Devi Manjhi (Mahadalit)2
14LalganjRajkumar Sah2
102FatwaSatyendra Singh3
44MokamaKanhaiya Singh3
74Rajapakar (SC)Pashupati Kumar Paras3
76HilsaDeepika Devi3
224AsthawanChhote Lal Yadav3
228ManjhiKeshav Singh3
124ParsaChhote Lal Rai3
127HarnautArun Bind3
175GovindganjRaju Tiwari4
171KuchaikoteKali Pandey4
114BelsandMd. Naseem Ahmed4
121Bochah (SC)Baby Kumari (Mahadalit)4
177TribeniganjVijay Paswan5
30SonbarsaSarita Paswan5
91Simri BakhtiarpurYousuf khan5

Hindustani Awam Morcha (HAM) Candidate List 2015

AC No.AC NameCandidate�s name
First List  
26SursandShahid Ali Khan
82Darbhanga RuralNaushad Ahmed
95KantiAjit Kumar
104HathuaMahachandra Singh
125VaishaliBrishan Patel
126MahuaRavindra Rai
149KhagariaRohit Marduk
164TarapurShakuni Chowdhary
188PhulwariRajeshwar Manjhi
217GhosiRahul Kumar
218MakhdumpurJitan Ram Manjhi
222KutumbaSantosh Kumar Suman
231TekariAnil Kumar
22SheoharLovely Anand
50JokihatZeba Khatoon
72SingheshwarManju Devi
169SheikhpuraNaresh Sah
189MasaurhiNutan Paswan
226SherghatiMukesh Kumar
232BelaganjSharim Ali

Rashtriya Lok Samta Party (RLSP) Candidate List for Bihar Polls 2015

AC No.ConstituencyCandidates NamePhase
157SultanganjHimanshu Patel1
134UjiarpurAnant Kushwaha1
237NawadaIndradev Kushwaha1
160DhuraiyaBhudev Chaudhary1
140HasanpurBinod Nishad 1
215KurthaAshok Kumar Verma2
216JahanabadPravin Kumar2
207Chenari (SC)Lalan Paswan2
197JagdishpurSanjay Mehta3
201DumraonRam Bihari Singh3
1Valmiki NagarSurendra Singh4
3NarkatiaganjSant Singh Kushwaha4
29RunisaidpurPankaj Mishra 4
61DhamdahaShivshankar Thakur5
57BaisiAzizur Rehman5
77MahishiChandan Sah5
35BisfiManoj Kumar Yadav5
31HarlakhiBasant Kuswaha5

Congress (INC) Candidate List 2015

S.No.AC NoAC NameCandidates NamePhase
1142BachhwaraRamdeo Rai1
2170BarbighaSudarshan Kumar1
3146BegusaraiAmita Rai1
4156BhagalpurAjeet Sharma1
5238GobindpurPoonam Yadav1
6155KahalgaonSadanand Singh1
7139RoseraDr Ashok Kumar1
8240SikandraBanti Chaudhary1
9223AurangabadAnand Shankar2
10207ChenariMangal Ram2
11230Gaya TownPriya Ranjan alias Dimple2
12222KutumbaRajesh Kumar2
13204MohaniaSanjay Kumar Pasi2
14234WazariganjAwadesh Kumar Singh2
15182BankipurKumar Ashish3
17200BuxarSanjay Kumar Tiwari3
18123HajipurJangannath Prasad Rai3
19183KumhrarAquil Haidar3
20144ManjhiVinay Shankar Dubey3
21196TarariAkhilesh Prasad Singh3
2224BathnahaSurendra Ram4
238BettiahMadan Mohan Tiwari4
24103BhoreAnil Kumar4
2514GovindganjBrajesh Kumar Pandey4
263NarkatiaganjVinay Verma4
272RamnagarPurnmasi Ram4
2823RigaAmit Kumar Tunna4
291Valmiki NagarMd Irshad Hussain4
3056AmourAbdul Jalil Mastan5
3149ArariaAbidur Rehman5
3252BahadurganjMd Tausif Alam5
3332BenipattiBhawna Jha5
3431HarlakhiMd Shabbir5
3564KadwaShakeel Ahmed Khan5
3658KasbaMd Afaque Alam5
3754KishanganjDr Mohd Jawaid5
3869KorhaPoonam Paswan5
39114ManihariMohd Prasad Singh5
4066PranpurMohd Taquir Alam5
4162PurniaIndu Sinha5

RJD Candidate List 2015 for Bihar Polls

S.No.AC NoAC NameCandidates NamePhase
1148AlauliChandan Kumar1
2147BakhriUpendra Paswan1
3161BankaZaiful Hoda1
4152BihpurVarsha Rani1
5243ChakaiSavitri Devi1
6241JamuiVijay Prakash1
7162KatoriaSweety Sima Hembram1
8137MohiuddinnagarEjya Yadav1
9165MungerVijay Kumar Vijay1
10237NawadaRajballabh Prasad1
11154PirpaintiRam Vilash Paswan1
12235RajauliPrakash Veer1
13145Sahebpur KamalShri Narayan Yadav1
14133SamastipurAkhtarul Islam Sahin1
15167SuryagarhaPrahlad Yadav1
16143TeghraVirendra Kumar1
17134UjiarpurAlok Kumar Mehta1
18214ArwalRavindra Singh2
19233AtriKunti Devi2
20228BarachattiSamata Devi2
21232BelaganjSurendra Prasad Yadav2
22229Bodh GayaKumar Sarvjeet2
23212DehriMuhammad Iliyaas Hussain2
24216JehanabadMundrika Singh Yadav2
25213KarakatSanjay Kumar Singh2
26218MakhdumpurSubedar Das2
27211NokhaAnita Devi2
28220ObraBirendra Kumar Sinha2
29203RamgarhAmbika Singh2
30208SasaramAshok Kumar2
31194ArrahMuhammad Nawaz Alam3
32180BakhtiarpurAniruddh Kumar3
33115BaniapurKedar Nath Singh3
34193BarharaSaroj Yadav3
35199BrahampurShambhunath Yadav3
36118ChapraRandhir Kumar Singh3
37186DanapurRajkishore Yadav3
38185FatuhaDA Ramanand Yadav3
39119GarkhaMuneshwar Chaudhary3
40175HilsaAtri Muni alias Shakti Singh Yadav3
41197JagdishpurRam Vishnu Singh3
42126MahuaTej Pratap Yadav3
43187ManerBhai Virendra3
44117MarhauraJitendra Kumar Rai3
45189MasaurhiRekha Devi3
46190PaliganjJai Vardhan Yadav3
47121ParsaChandrika Rai3
48130PatepurPrerna Chaudhary3
49184Patna SahibSantosh Mehta3
50128RaghopurTejashwi Pratap Yadav3
51127Raja PakarShivchandran Ram3
52192SandeshArun Kumar3
53198ShahpurRahul Tiwary3
54122SonepurRamanuj Prasad3
55116TaraiyaMudrika Prasad Roy3
5689AuraiSurendra Kumar4
57100BarauliMd Nemtullah4
5896BarurajNand Kumar Rai4
5920ChiraiaLaxmi Narayan Yadav4
60107DarauliParmatma Ram4
6121DhakaFaisal Rahman4
6288GaighatMaheshwar Prasad Yadav4
63101GopalganjReyazul Haque alias Raju4
64111GoriakothiSri Satyadeo Prasad Singh4
6513HarsidhiRajendra Ram4
6695KantiMo Parvez Alam4
6715KesariaDr Rajesh Kumar4
6890MinapurRajendra Kumar alias Munna Yadav4
6919MotihariMani Bhushan Srivastav4
7012NarkatiyaShamim Ahmad4
7125PariharRamchandra Purve4
7297ParooShankar Prasad4
73108RaghunathpurHarishankar Yadav4
7410RaxaulSuresh Kumar4
7529RunnisaidpurMangita Devi4
7698SahebganjRamvichar Rai4
7792SakraLalbabu Ram4
7828SitamarhiSunil Kumar4
7911SugauliOm Prakash Chaudhary4
8026SursandSayad Abu Dojana4
815LauriyaRan Kushal Pratap Singh4
8281AlinagarAbdul Bari Siddiqui5
8385BahadurpurBhola Yadav5
8457BaisiAbdus Subhan5
8559BanmakhiSanjiv Kumar Paswan5
8668BarariNiraj Kumar5
8735BisfiFaiyaz Ahmad5
8845ChhatapurMd Akbar Ali5
8983DarbhangaMithu Kedia5
9082Darbhanga RuralLalit Kumar Yadav5
9148ForbesganjKrityanand Biswas5
9238JhanjharpurGulab Yadav5
9386KeotiMd Faraz Fatmi5
9433KhajauliSita Ram Yadav5
9636MadhubaniSameer Kumar Mahaseth5
9777MahishiDr Abdul Gafoor5
9846NarpatganjAnil Kumar Yadav5
9942PipraYaduvansh Kumar Yadav5
10037RajnagarRamawatar Paswan5
10175SaharsaArun Kumar5

Jan Adhikar Party (JAP) Candidates List 2015

AC No.AC NameCandidates NamePhase
132WarisnagarAshok Kumar Verma1
137MohiuddinnagarAjay Kumar Bulganin1
142BachwaraSweta Suman Yadav1
145Sahebpur KamalRaj Kumar Prasad1
147Bakhri(SC)Daso Paswan1
149KhagariaManohar Yadav1
150BeldaurNagendra Singh Tyagi1
151ParbattaDr Suhaili Mehta1
152BihpurDr Ajmeri Khatun1
154Pirpainti (SC)Sunil Paswan1
157SultanganjChakrapani Himanshu1
158NathnagarMohammad Abu Qaiser1
164TarapurAnita Devi1
169SheikhpuraVijay Samrat alias Vijay Kumar1
239WarsaliganjRajiv Kumar1

Samajwadi Party (SP) Candidate List 2015

AC No.AC NameCandidates NamePhase
161BankaKalpana Devi1
146BegusaraiDilip Keshari1
205BhabuaNitu Chandra Yadav2
156BhagalpurGopal Bharti1
206ChainpurAlok Kumar Singh2
160DhoraiyaGanesh Paswan1
236HisuaNeetu Kumari1
166JamalpurPappu Yadav1
241JamuiAbdul Baqui1
155KahalgaonShobhakant Mandal1
168LakhisaraiRamashish Kumar1
158NathnagarDiwakar Chandra Dube1
235RajauliMoti Rajbanshi1
139RoseraShatrughan Kumar Paswan1
136SarairanjanRamashraya Sahni1
169SheikhpuraVijay Kumar Yadav1
157SultanganjAmarjeet Kumar Singh1
167SuryagarhaRamanuj Prasad Singh1
143TeghraMd Shamsher Alam1

Last Updated on : November 8, 2015


List of the Assembly Constituencies in Bihar


Which cities in India have the metro railway system? The Metro rail service is operational in 10 cities in India. These are Kolkata, Delhi, Bengaluru, Gurugram, Mumbai, Chennai, Jaipur, Kochi, Hyderabad, and Lucknow. The Kolkata Metro rail is the oldest metro… Read More...
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