Old and Modern Means of Communication
Communication is part of people’s culture from the ancient times. This part of the social life has ensured effective interactions between people of the same society, and people of different societies. Communication aspect has been dynamic and has undergone numerous changes based on time, lifestyle and situations and as a result of improvement in technology. In the past, different societies had their unique ways of communication such as the use of smoke signals to send simple messages. Besides, people used messengers and drum sounds for communication. The means and mode, as well as forms of communication, have changed to the use of the telegraph, telephone, mobile phone calls, the internet, video conferencing and letters among others in the current society thanks to technological advancement. Irrespective of such changes both old and modern means of communication serves the same purpose of sending and receiving information and providing feedback. The essay presents a discussion of the means of communication in both old and modern times based on their developments and progress of their features.
Claude Chappe developed the initial telegraph in 1794 that never used an electric signal. However, this was improved to a telegraph that used electric impulses. The idea of using electric impulse was first used as a means of communication and was invented by Samuel Morse in early 1836. He borrowed the idea of electric impulse transportation through wires from Charles Jackson. Morse then developed the telegraph system that transmitted signals over wires to numerous locations and translated information. This was a new means of communication that supported the commercial systems at the time. Morse divided three parts of a telegraph as sender, receiver, and the code. Normally, the sender represented the source of information where the electric circuit was to be opened and closed. The receiver then used the electromagnet to record all the signals and the codes translated the signals into the numbers and letters. Morse built the first telegraph from Washington to Baltimore by use of cable lines over the Atlantic Ocean and use “Morse Code” signals to represent the language of the telegraph. This led to rapid development of telegraph cables within the USA that enhanced transfer of information, and by 1870s the USA was able to connect the global telecommunication networks.
The modern means of communication was based on the telegraph system. The invention of telephones, cable televisions, the radio, the internet and mobile technologies were achieved due to the technique used in telegraph system. The telephone was the first to exist at the modern times which increased the speed of electronic communication. It was wired on the electronic platform and used similar cables as in the Telegraph. However, the underwater cables had almost zero signals. The challenge of poor signals led to the invention and use of steel wires that were wrapped in copper tubes, armor, and plastic jackets to enable movement of signals invented by the AT & T Company. The idea led to the development of cable televisions and eventually the development of cell phones. Due to technological advancement, the use of cable system is currently overtaken by the digital boxes that do not rely on the antenna amplifiers.
The invention of fiber optics by Verizon Inc in television is amazing. The fiber optic can convey light signals of information at a terrific speed, process and transfer data faster to computers and home televisions at high quality. On a separate note, cell phones emanated in 1983 in both design and functionality. This brought about multitasking of activities during the communication process. Therefore, the cell phones help in sending text messages, emails, enhance verbal communication, upload pictures and videos as well as downloading any application. Diverse technology has brought about IPads, Kindles, playbooks, and tables as well as the wireless internet which have ensured improved and faster communication at the global level. Therefore, people can send instant messages, perform text messaging, video chat and send emails among others.
In conclusion, there is no doubt that communication has played a major role in both the old and modern societies. However, the means of communication in both time periods have changed with the current society having an advantage due to advancement in technology. However, in both instances, means of communication served the same purpose of conveying and receiving information as well as replies.
How Would You Improve Upward Downward and Horizontal Communication
There are many different methods that can be effectively used in order to improve upward, downward, or horizontal communication. In order to successfully achieve this ambition, it is important to be familiar with the three distinct categorizations of communications that are commonly used in an organization’s structure: downward, upward and horizontal. Using any of these three directions of communications is what establishes the framework of communication and will determine how the flow of communication operates. However, unless you are familiar with the overall type of communication that is taking place it will be difficult to effectively administer change. As an overview, downward communication is a traditional method of the communication process, and this type of communication may be observed in school organizations. This happens when school leaders communicated downward to other school members via speeches, messages in school bulletins, and school handbooks. On the other hand, upward communication happens when the communication travels from staff members to leaders. Lastly, horizontal communication is characterized by the flow of communication on a lateral level or administered through a diagonal cross of the formal chain of command. These are three very distinct ways of communications, which may be employed in order to improve each strategic method. If you are looking to improve the downward, upward, or horizontal way of communicating, there are many different ways to achieve this goal. One of the best ways to improve these methods is by having an open-door policy. This is a particular invitation for a staff to talk about any problem that they may potentially have. In addition, an open door policy may help with having a more honest and open approach in any kind of organization, no matter what type of communication framework is being administered. It is also a good idea to make use of counseling and exit interviews as well. The leader of an organization can mobilize upward communication by providing valuable information of any given method. Alternatively, it is also possible to administer participative techniques that will be generally helpful for any communicative framework. The important part is that the use of union-management committees, quality circles, or suggestion boxes are made of use in order to reap the benefits of more effective communications.
The importance of communicating is that there is information that is freely addressed and acknowledged in the name of improvement. While the frameworks of different methods of communications may have its differences, the improvements may be quite similar in tactics and can be used in a variety of settings as well. There are many benefits to improving the communicative framework, so it is important to expound on the different methods that can be utilized in order to achieve better results.