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University At Buffalo Architecture Admissions Design Assignment

Freshman Studio: A Journey Unlike Any Other

By Madelyn McClellan (MArch '15)

While long hours and hard work are the conventional wisdom of studio, those who have been through it remember most the camaraderie among studio-mates, the value of trying and trying again (and sometimes failing), and the endless possibilities that arise when students and faculty work together to solve design challenges. 

Read on for a first-hand look at freshman studio through the eyes of Julia Hunt, a member of the Class of 2017, and the team of faculty members and teaching assistants who guided her on that journey. As a teaching assistant for Julia and a former freshman architecture student myself, I am honored to tell this story.

First Semester: A New Way of Thinking and Working

Studio is a “class” in which architecture is explored physically through the development of a series of design proposals (models and drawings) and discussions about the work produced. The culture of studio promotes an adventurous and explorative approach to understanding spatial possibilities and relies upon active dialogue among students and faculty. It is in this energized atmosphere that students are introduced to the design decisions and thought processes that will follow them throughout their entire career.  

The Class of 2017's first semester of freshman studio would introduce the five fundamentals of architecture: space, order, tectonics, site and use, layered and reinforced through a series of design projects. The work culminated with a final assignment - the transformation of a rectangular space (16' wide by 26' long by 10' tall) into a space of repose with special consideration to the occupant's outward view, indirect lighting and the space's entry and exit.

Those students expecting to jump right in and design a building were instead forced to reorient their thinking about architecture and design and consider space from the inside out. In fact, the project was designed precisely to rattle these preconceived notions and abstract the process into something explorative.

"Students tend to look at architecture, rather than into it, through it, or from it," says Korydon Smith, associate professor of architecture and faculty lead for the Class of 2017's first semester of studio. He notes that much of their exposure to architecture at this point comes from the popular press, magazines or blogs, which tend to portray architecture as form and material. "A crucial part to a student’s first year is helping them see architecture from the inside-out, realizing that architects make spaces not buildings."

As a teaching assistant, I had the opportunity to nudge students along in this process. Often it was as simple as encouraging them to pick up their models, peer into them and describe the space verbally. Gradually, students began to conceptualize their space in qualitative ways rather than simply as lines on paper.

Freshman studio also involves trial-by-fire adjustment to new ways of working. For many students, this is their first exposure to studio learning and its culture of experimenation, collaborative learning and the decidedly non-linear process of design and making. 

Julia identifies with this typical freshman struggle. "The most difficult part of first-semester studio was overcoming the iterative process. Accepting that your first idea isn’t right and going back once you think you’ve found a solution is frustrating. To overcome this, it was important to me to keep track of my thoughts in writing or drawing form, constantly."

Students at the School of Architecture and Planning begin almost immediately to work with materials and physical modeling to advance their design. This is partly due to their inclination as "makers" but also because "thinking through making" is the pedagogical crux of the School of Architecture and Planning. Dennis Maher, clinical assistant professor of architecture and lead faculty member for freshman studio semester #2, explains:

"This school believes that learning through making gives students a far better understanding and confidence in their work. They learn what labor is involved in the pouring of concrete, wood joinery, fastening different materials, and basic support systems. This also allows students to appreciate the poetic reality of details, through process and materiality. When they make the things they draw, students then have to face their flaws and successes. This then can be translated through multiple scales, preparing the students for future situations."

This all became abundantly clear to Julia as she constructed her first-semester final project: 

Second Semester: Design as Discovery

By the second semester, the students had grown confident as designers and makers and developed strong facility with architecture's distinctive vocabulary. All of this would be challenged with a new series of projects, new instructors and new perspectives. 

With Maher as the faculty lead, students would conduct a series of material experiments focused on architectural space, form, composition, organization, order, structure, hierarchy and scale. Students began with the procurement of regular artifacts – balls, books, shoes, toys, etc. – which they then “bundled” using tape. Cutting the bundle in half revealed layers of interesting spaces and a scaled environment to be interpreted by the student. Again, the students were asked to shed their biases, in this case toward the architectural potential of ordinary objects, and articulate the bundle as a space to be inhabited and experienced.  

"We as architects use tools, but those tools aren’t always architectural, and it is essential that students discover new ways to understand their environment," explains Maher. "This approach provides a way to get lost. Design is about making discoveries, finding unexpected solutions and taking risks that challenge preconceptions." 

By diagramming over their drawings, describing the spatial qualities of found spaces, and observing spatial relationships, the students transformed their found artifacts into profound architectural compositions. As the final exercise, students sculpted a concrete and wooden model that exemplified their bundle's layered spatial qualities. 

Adds Maher: “As architects, we need to know facts, but design taps into our ability to accept indeterminacy, it allows ourselves to fall, land and discover.” In the studio, he would often take a student's model or drawing and simply turn it upside down. A seemingly empty gesture allows the student to reconsider space and to use unconventional experimentation as a way to design. 

Julia describes the second-semester project as a "brain teaser." She continues: "After diving into the project, I stumbled upon new concepts of architecture that I had not previously considered." Her final project also tested her making abilities, requiring her to learn an entirely new method of pouring and forming concrete. 

Hands-on Teaching

Often, students spend long nights and weekends fastidiously generating ideas, exhaustively creating and recreating a physical manifestation of their concepts, all the while adapting to a new mode of thinking. 

The School of Architecture and Planning's close-knit studio culture and hands-on engagement with faculty smoothes the learning curve. The teaching team typically consists of three faculty members per semester (one lead and two assisting) and seven teaching assistants (graduate architecture students), allowing for one-on-one interaction even with a freshman class that can number around 150 students. 

During studio class hours, students are organized into small groups through which they engage in group discussions and critiques facilitated by the teaching team. Students have regular sit-downs with teaching assistants for more detailed assessments of their in-progress designs. In this way, students are eased into the studio culture of critique and the "try and try again" process of design and making. 

Dennis Maher says there is a practical reason for this - architectural firms operate in the same way. "In order to find a design solution you have to persistently search. Students must learn to embrace the process - there are no failures. We must always ask, 'how can this be improved, refined, focused, and intensified'? As instructors, we have to help them see relationships and comparative angles among their own work." 

As a teaching assistant, I saw it as my unspoken responsibility to get to know the students and their projects and serve as their mentor in the studio. In this environment, students are comfortable asking questions and participating in discussions. Even the occasional humorous comment from a teaching assistant or faculty member during a pinup could help break the tension and foster a more open dialogue with the students. We also look out for the students, bringing them coffee or telling them to take a break after a long day. Another TA on our team was in the studio at 2 am helping a student with a difficult concrete pour.

Freshman architecture studio is always abuzz with activity. Here, first-year architecture students prepare for a pinup and critique session in spring 2014.

Freshman studio is a rite of passage for the aspiring architect and, for most students, a metamorphosis of sorts. Over the course of a year of intensive, hands-on study, the student evolves from someone who looks at buildings to a designer who thinks through making, able to create spaces and experiences.

Julia Hunt

Class of 2017, Bachelor of Science in Architecture

Madelyn McClellan

Teaching Assistant and MArch Student

Korydon Smith

Associate professor of architecture; lead faculty member for freshman studio semester #1 (ARC 101)

Dennis Maher

Clinical assistant professor of architecture; lead faculty member for freshman studio semester #2 (ARC 102)

The studio space is an empty slate that students make their own. Drawings, models and books quickly overrun the space. Here students draw, build, create, redraw, rebuild, and recreate.

Rattling preconceived notions

"A crucial part to a student’s first year is helping them see architecture from the inside-out, realizing that architects make spaces not buildings."

Students dive head first into building and making at the School of Architecture and Planning. Here freshman architecture students work with concrete and wooden formwork.

"We were working with materials we’d never used before, like wood, wire and soldering, and plaster, and it forced us to think about the details. Additionally, transferring scales was a critical moment for everyone. You begin to imagine what it’s like in the space.”

'Finding unexpected solutions'

"We as architects use tools, but those tools aren’t always architectural, and it is essential that students discover new ways to understand their environment...Design is about making discoveries, finding unexpected solutions and taking risks that challenge preconceptions." 

Members of the Class of 2017, pictured with teaching assistant Madelyn McClellan (center, with glasses). Madelyn was one of seven teaching assistants supporting this freshman studio.

The Learning Environment

Environmental designers plan and develop physical environments with which people interact every day. Direct, tangible engagement with the environment – whether it be neighborhoods, communities, streetscapes, or citizen activists – is fundamental to the aspiring environmental designer. University at Buffalo Environmental Design is distinctive by engaging our students in the dynamic binational Buffalo-Niagara region. In Environmental Design, students become involved with municipal governments and neighborhood groups, urban and rural environments, citizens and leaders, and the challenges they face: both complex problems and creative opportunities. This is done through in-class exercises, site visits, field work, internships and independent study, capstone courses, and through Environmental Design workshops, also referred to as studios. Environmental design inquiry becomes planning and development concepts for neighborhoods and communities.

About Our Facilities

The Architecture and Planning Library, located in Abbot Hall, is one of ten libraries within the University at Buffalo.

University at Buffalo School of Architecture and Planning IT Services comprise two sets of facilities: a central collection of laboratories and computing classrooms, and a collection of distributed facilities located in the graduate and undergraduate architecture and urban planning studios.

The Digital Fabrication Workshop provides a range of the latest equipment dedicated to material research, model making, and digital fabrication.

The Architecture and Planning Materials and Methods Shop is a complete machine and assembly shop, contains 7,000 square feet of high-bay space and is supplied with full woodworking capabilities, welding and milling equipment, lathes, sheet-metal machines, a vacuum-forming machine for molding plastic, and a variety of hand tools.

The Visual Resources Center directly supports the curriculum with its ever-growing collection of slides, audiovisual equipment and an extensive image database. The center also produces video recordings of the school's lecture series and other events.

About Our Faculty

Senior faculty from University at Buffalo Urban and Regional Planning teach core courses in the undergraduate preprofessional environmental design program. Two faculty members from Urban and Regional Planning have been recognized with the SUNY Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Teaching. In addition, some courses are taught by professional urban planners, public administrators, environmental educators, historic preservationists, architects, designers, and real estate developers. In academic year 2016-2017, University at Buffalo Urban and Regional Planning has 14 tenure/tenure track faculty, three clinical faculty, one visiting scholar, and eight adjunct faculty.

Faculty List Directory

Please visit the Urban and Regional Planning department website for additional information about our faculty.

END Courses


  • END 120LEC Introduction to Urban Environments
    Lecture

    An introductory course and approved social science general education course. Studies how physical, design, social, political and economic forces interact to shape and reshape our urban environments. Examines concepts and content related to cities, suburbs, and metropolitan regions within and outside the U.S. From multidisciplinary perspectives, covers media images of cities and suburbs, patterns and trends in urban environments over time and place, urban observation, demographics, culture, and design. Assesses contemporary urban issues, including race relations, environmental issues, and population problems. Involves lectures, discussions, and fieldwork. Open to non-majors.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall

  • END 198SEM UB Seminar
    Seminar

    The one credit UB Seminar is focused on a big idea or challenging issue to engage students with questions of significance in a field of study and, ultimately, to connect their studies with issues of consequence in the wider world. Essential to the UB Curriculum, the Seminar helps transition to UB through an early connection to UB faculty and the undergraduate experience at a comprehensive, research university. This course is equivalent to any 198 offered in any subject. This course is a controlled enrollment (impacted) course. Students who have previously attempted the course and received a grade of F or R may not be able to repeat the course during the fall or spring semester.

    Credits: 1
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
    Other Requisites: Students who have already successfully completed the UB seminar course may not repeat this course. If you have any questions regarding enrollment for this course, please contact your academic advisor.

  • END 199SEM UB Seminar
    Seminar

    The three credit UB Seminar is focused on a big idea or challenging issue to engage students with questions of significance in a field of study and, ultimately, to connect their studies with issues of consequence in the wider world. Essential to the UB Curriculum, the Seminar helps students with common learning outcomes focused on fundamental expectations for critical thinking, ethical reasoning, and oral communication, and learning at a university, all within topic focused subject matter. The Seminars provide students with an early connection to UB faculty and the undergraduate experience at a comprehensive, research university. This course is equivalent to any 199 offered in any subject. This course is a controlled enrollment (impacted) course. Students who have previously attempted the course and received a grade of F or R may not be able to repeat the course during the fall or spring semester.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
    Other Requisites: Students who have already successfully completed the first year seminar course may not repeat this course. If you have any questions regarding enrollment for this course, please contact your academic advisor.

  • END 212LEC Urban and Environmental Planning
    Lecture

    Urban and Environmental Planning (END 212) provides an introduction to the planning, design, and development of cities, communities, and the natural environments in which they are situated, with the creation of sustainable communities as the overall goal. Through urban and environmental planning, sustainable neighborhoods are seen as places which maintain and restore our natural and built environments, thereby creating a higher quality of life for residents. Topics include the foundations of urban and environmental planning, techniques used, the development process, and urban design issues. Examines urban and environmental planning foci, such as urbanization, physical sprawl, environmental design, land use, sustainable development, neighborhood planning, transportation systems, historic preservation, and environmental assessment. Open to all undergraduates. Fulfills the SUNY Social Science general education requirement.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Spring

  • END 275LEC Environment and Landscapes
    Lecture

    Examines contemporary perspectives on environmental design. Focuses on the complex relationships between people, the natural and constructed environments, and landscapes. Introduces new ways of seeing, understanding, and communicating landscape design. Considers problems in the landscaped environment including greenspace, complex urban centers, post-industrial wastelands, physical infrastructure, and entire watersheds. Reviews how the planning and development of our landscaped settings affects quality of life in physical environments within the context of environmental design. May be offered on an intermittent basis. Open to all undergraduate majors.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Spring

  • END 279LEC Exploring the Design of Buffalo Niagara
    Lecture

    Explores the planning and design history of the Buffalo Niagara region in relation to the future. Examines proposals aimed at revitalizing the economy, improving the quality of life, and protecting the environment of Buffalo Niagara for future generations. Involves historical plus current plans and designs accompanied with lectures, discussions, films, and readings. Introduces urban design and regional development theory and practice. Provides an opportunity to understand community design, the full scope of small to large scale regional work, and comprehend location of place in relationship to the Buffalo Niagara region. Researches the history of Buffalo Niagara communities, examine the place as planned, and critically interpret its history, plans, and designs. May be offered on an intermittent basis. Open to non-majors.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Spring

  • END 285LEC Transportation: Foundation of Urban Life
    Lecture

    Introduces how communities look to urban transportation systems to address environmental design challenges, including urban development, congestion, pollution, sprawl, public safety, obesity, and physical isolation. Explores multi-modal transportation (walking, bicycle, public transit, vehicle) in U.S. cities and metropolitan areas in order to explain the central role of transportation in shaping urban environments and the lives of people. The course is both historical and topical; it examines the tandem evolution of transportation systems and urban development, and investigates current transportation debates such as environmental impacts, congestion, air quality, the role of government, and strategies for sustainable transportation and travel. Includes lectures and field work. May be offered on an intermittent basis. Open to all undergraduate students.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall

  • END 301LEC Perspectives On Land Use and Development
    Lecture

    Covers concepts and practices of urban land use and development in U.S. Topics include zoning, growth management, site design, environmental issues and land use evolution. Involves lectures, discussions, and fieldwork.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall
    Prerequisites:PD 212
    Other Requisites:PD 301

  • END 302LEC Sustainable Urban Environments
    Lecture

    Examines the relationship of urban and natural environments, focusing on sustainable development and global climate change. Emphasis on biodiversity, pollution, efficiency, and renewable energy. Considers appropriate use of resources that are environmentally sound. Involves lectures, discussions, and fieldwork. May be offered on intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies

  • END 303LEC Methods of Communication
    Lecture

    Develops communication skills on urban and environmental issues, and hones skills of description and reporting about urban and environmental places and policies. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies
    Prerequisites:END 120 or permission of advisement

  • END 305LEC Urban Environmental Education
    Lecture

    Explores methods for creating public knowledge, awareness, and understanding toward the physical planning of our natural and urban environments. Develops competency and skills for environmental designers in presenting urban environmental information through education, communication, and performing an environmental assessment. Involves lectures, discussions, and fieldwork. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Spring
    Prerequisites:END 120 or permission of advisement

  • END 306LEC Communities and Educational Development
    Lecture

    Examines ways in which education influences, and is influenced by, communities. Considers how educational institutions can respond to conditions and issues that exist in community environments. Reviews challenges confronting communities, educational institutions, and urban development. Explores and identifies opportunities for collaboration and partnerships. Involves lectures, discussions, and fieldwork. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies
    Prerequisites:PD 120 or permission of advisement.
    Other Requisites:PD 306

  • END 308SEM Health and Urban Environments
    Seminar

    Explores current health issues found in urban and physical environments. Examines diverse public health conditions, including environmentally-caused diseases, pollution-related diseases, aging populations, and the globalization of illness. Considers various community-based social and physical environmental solutions. Involves lectures, discussions, and fieldwork. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Spring
    Prerequisites: Sophmore, Junior or Senior Standing

  • END 312LEC Design of Cities
    Lecture

    Traces evolution of urban form and character from Greek city-states to the present. Emphasizes how technological, social, economic, and political changes affect urban layout and functioning.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall
    Prerequisites:PD 212
    Other Requisites:PD 312

  • END 313LEC Local Government Policy and Politics
    Lecture

    Provides insights to the process and outcomes of local government decision-making. Topics include the types and powers of various local government entities, including: the influence of politics, how governments determine agendas, and implement projects/policies. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall

  • END 319LEC The City Through Film: Built Environment in Mass Media
    Lecture

    Through weekly film and multi-media screenings, discussions, readings, and critiques, explores themes of architectural design, urban imagery, inner cities, suburbia, environmental design, physical development, community planning, politics, and their futures in mass media. The built environment serves as a medium that transmits, reinforces and reproduces social values, attitudes and behaviors. Examines how institutions attempt to shape public perspectives using images of the built environment through mass media. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies
    Prerequisites: Juniors & Seniors Only or Permission of Advisement.

  • END 321DIS History of Design
    Discussion

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies

  • END 350SEM Environmental Design Workshop 1: Methods of Design Inquiry
    Seminar

    A majors-only core studio workshop. Introduces how to integrate research inquiry, information analysis, and environmental design. Provides students with methodologies in gathering, analyzing, interpreting, and communicating qualitative and quantitative information about the contemporary physical and urban environment. Data sources include U.S. Census materials, state and regional agency databases, community master plans, historical archives, and online and hardcopy reports and surveys. Involves lectures, discussions, and fieldwork. Enrollment in END 350 requires official admission to the Environmental Design BA, Junior class standing, a prerequisite GPA of 2.50 in END 120 plus END 212 plus ENG 105 or ENG 101, and an overall UB GPA of 2.33. Concurrent enrollment in the following courses is prohibited: END 120/END 350 and END 350/END 450.

    Credits: 6
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall
    Prerequisites:ENG 101 or ENG 105 and END 120, END 212 and 2.5 GPA; Junior Standing & Admission to the Environmental Design BA only.

  • END 356SLB Computing for Environmental Analysis
    Seminar

    Covers basics of geographic information systems (GIS) and other computing tools for understanding, mapping, and analyzing natural and built environments. Includes weekly computer lab. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall
    Prerequisites: Junior or Senior Standing or permission of advisement.

  • END 360SLB Environmental Design Workshop 2: Graphic Communications
    Seminar

    A majors-only core studio workshop. Examines modes of visual literacy for comprehending the built environment. Introduces rudimentary graphic representation skills for visually communicating urban planning and design concepts through readings and hands-on exercises. Class activities include drawing, drafting, design fundamentals, generating computer graphics, and urban observation. Involves lectures, discussions, and fieldwork. Enrollment in END 360 requires official admission to the Environmental Design BA, Junior class standing, a prerequisite GPA of 2.50 in END 120 plus END 212 plus ENG 105 or ENG 101, and an overall UB GPA of 2.33. Concurrent enrollment in the following courses is prohibited: END 212/END 360, END 360/END 494, and END 360/END 498.

    Credits: 6
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Spring
    Prerequisites:ENG 101 or ENG 105 and END 120, END 212 and 2.5 GPA; Junior Standing & Admission to the Environmental Design BA only.

  • END 363LEC Cities and Globalization
    Lecture

    Considers "world cities" and how global trends and forces shape the community design, politics, social life, environment, and economies of urban places. Involves lectures, discussions, and fieldwork. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall
    Prerequisites:END 212 or PD 212, junior standing, and admission to the Environmental Design BA or Environmental Design minor.

  • END 395LAB Special Topics Lab in Environmental Design
    Laboratory

    Topics vary annually. In the past this course addressed environmental planning, methods of design inquiry, environmental information systems, urban design, historic preservation, and real estate development. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 1 - 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies

  • END 395SEM Special Topics
    Seminar

    A major or minor elective. Topics vary by semester.

    Credits: 6
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies

  • END 402LEC Real Estate Development Fundamentals
    Lecture

    Introduces students to the fundamentals of real estate development, including planning, site acquisition, project feasibility, finance, and physical development in urban environments. Uses case studies, small group activities, fieldwork, readings, and discussions. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall
    Prerequisites:PD 212 and junior or senior standing in Environmental Design BA / Minor
    Other Requisites:PD 402

  • END 403LEC Strategies of Property Management
    Lecture

    Introduces strategies and methods of property management, including creating financial reports, knowledge of property marketing, understanding leasing contracts, awareness of emerging practices in energy management, evolving security and emergency procedures, and enhancing tenant relations. May be offered on an intermittent basis. Includes lectures, discussion, and fieldwork. Pre-requisites: END 212 and junior/senior standing.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall
    Prerequisites:END 212 and junior or senior standing

  • END 405LEC Urban Planning and Environmental Change
    Lecture

    Examines and assesses environmental information systems, the built environment, and demographic trends to explore the evolving role of urban planning in the context of global climate change. Introduces the environmental science of climate change, global responses, and urban planning strategies for climate change management. Involves lectures, discussions, and fieldwork. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies
    Prerequisites:PD 120 or permission of advisement.
    Other Requisites:PD 355

  • END 406SEM Housing & Community Development
    Seminar

    Studies theories, concepts, and practices of housing and community development, emphasizing neighborhood planning and design in urban environments. Involves lectures, discussions, and fieldwork. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
    Prerequisites:PD 350
    Other Requisites:PD 406

  • END 407LEC School Planning and Development
    Lecture

    Examines school planning within the larger context of neighborhood development. Considers how school planning and development creates opportunities for potential urban redevelopment as well as generating a sense of community pride and physical identity. Involves lectures, discussions, and fieldwork. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall
    Prerequisites:PD 212

  • END 408LEC Special Topics
    Lecture

    The content of this course is variable and therefore it is repeatable for credit. The University Grade Repeat Policy does not apply. A major or minor elective. Topics vary by semester.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies

  • END 410LEC Special Topics
    Lecture

    Topics vary annually. In the past this course addressed the policies and politics of local government. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies

  • END 411LEC Environmental Design Information Systems
    Lecture

    A major or minor elective. Explores environmental design and urban development problems and possible solutions using information systems incorporating various data sources. Evaluates information and reports on trends for understanding planning, design, and development shaping our urban and community environments. Provides a setting in which students build upon computing and analytic skills utilizing information systems for supporting decision-making in environmental design. Involves lectures, discussions, and fieldwork. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies
    Prerequisites:PD 350
    Other Requisites:PD 409

  • END 412SEM Special Topics
    Seminar

    Topics vary annually. In the past this course addressed issues in environmental design and development planning in practice. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies

  • END 413SEM Special Topics
    Seminar

    Topics vary annually. In the past this course addressed legal issues in planning, design, and development. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies

  • END 415LEC Special Topics
    Lecture

    Topics vary annually. In the past this course addressed the development and management of real estate property. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies

  • END 417LEC Special Topics
    Lecture

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies

  • END 418SEM Global Innovation Challenge
    Seminar

    Overcoming global health disparities is a defining challenge of the 21st century. Finding sustainable, global solutions to end poverty and hunger, deliver clean water and quality shelter, and improve education and healthcare, however, is exceedingly complex and difficult. Using a creative, interdisciplinary approach and workshop format, the Global Innovation Challenge takes on major problems in global health, such as air pollution or refugee resettlement, to find viable solutions.

    Credits: 1
    Grading: Pass/Not Pass (PNP)
    Typically Offered:Varies

  • END 422SEM Economic Development Planning
    Seminar

    Covers theory, concepts, and practices in contemporary economic development planning. Considers alternative approaches to job growth, including industrial development, workforce training, and quality of life strategies. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall
    Prerequisites:PD 350
    Other Requisites:PD 422

  • END 425LEC Cad Technology in Env Dsn
    Lecture

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies

  • END 426SEM Site Planning and Development
    Seminar

    Examines site planning, design, and development of residential, commercial, and industrial properties within various community settings. Reviews property site selection procedures and community landscape planning. Investigates activities within site development including planning, design, aesthetics, landform preparations, and renovations within urban environments. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Spring
    Prerequisites:END 350SEM or permission of advisement

  • END 428LEC Foundations of Historic Preservation
    Lecture

    Historic preservation theory related to urban and environmental planning, emphasizing preservation practice, including tools of effective preservation, legislation, community roles, economics, adaptive use, and management. Involves lectures, discussions, and fieldwork. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Spring
    Prerequisites:PD 301LEC Or PD 312LEC

  • END 435SEM Urban Managemnt & Govrnce
    Seminar

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies

  • END 439LEC Local Government Finance and Budgeting
    Lecture

    Introduces students to the theory, practice, and real world applications local government finances. Concentrates on public budgeting issues and revenue analysis. Examines concerns in community planning, including fiscal impact of development, school finance, and tax increment financing models. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall

  • END 441LEC Nonprofit Management
    Lecture

    This course introduces students to management issues in the nonprofit sector. Topics will include nonprofit: governance, board structure, planning, financial management, fundraising, grant writing, leadership, personnel management, and ethics. Involves lectures, discussions, and fieldwork. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies
    Prerequisites:PD 350SEM or permission of advisement required.

  • END 442LEC Central City Revitalization
    Lecture

    A major or minor elective. Examines theory and practice of urban revitalization with a focus on downtown and commercial revitalization in metropolitan central cities. Place-based and people-based strategies for urban revitalization will be investigated and explored. Best Practices in urban planning and design, including current research and scholarship, will be analyzed. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall

  • END 443SEM Negotiation and Conflict Resolution
    Seminar

    Introduces and practices techniques in negotiations and bargaining, particularly as applied to community planning and environmental conflict. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall
    Prerequisites:PD 350

  • END 450SEM Environmental Design Workshop 3 - Comprehensive Projects
    Seminar

    A majors-only capstone studio workshop. Engages students in community planning and environmental design fieldwork in Western New York. Under the instructor's supervision, students work with clients and neighborhood groups to understand complex community planning and environmental issues, research best practices, and develop final plans, comprehensive designs, and proposals. Involves lectures, discussions, and fieldwork. Enrollment in END 450 requires official admission to the Environmental Design BA, Senior class standing, END 350 plus END 360, an END/PD prefixed GPA of 2.50, and an overall UB GPA of 2.33. Concurrent enrollment in the following courses is prohibited: END 350/END 450.

    Credits: 6
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall
    Prerequisites:END 350 and END 360. Senior standing and 2.5 GPA.

  • END 457SEM Creative Problem Solving for Global Challenges
    Seminar

    The grand challenges of the world today, such as the global refugee crisis, are highly complex. Cultural, economic, political, environmental, and technological issues are intertwined, and these grand global challenges demand creative problem solving. This course, therefore, introduces and leverages multiple creative problem solving and design thinking strategies to prepare students for engaging some of the greatest challenges of human history.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Spring

  • END 458SEM Designing Inclusive Environments
    Seminar

    Introduces concepts and techniques of inclusive design in our communities including site planning, property development, physical infrastructure, public spaces, accessibility, and landscapes. Considers the goal of creating beautiful and functional environments that can be used equally by everyone, irrespective of age, gender, or disability. Involves lectures, discussions, and fieldwork. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall
    Prerequisites:PD 350

  • END 459SEM Tourism and Recreation Development
    Seminar

    Examines a variety of specific tourism and recreation ventures and explores how they can be used to enhance development. Considered from several perspectives; including the role of tourism in economic development and the community level relationship between hosts and guests. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall
    Prerequisites:PD 350

  • END 464SEM Infrastructure Planning & Design
    Seminar

    Introduces principles, operation and design of physical infrastructure systems including roads, public transportation, community facilities, public open space, surface drainage, and electric, gas, water, waste disposal, and telecommunication services.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall

  • END 467LEC Legal Issues in Planning and Development
    Lecture

    Explores historical and legal foundations of planning and development. Provides a legal perspective on land use, zoning policies, environmental regulations, housing, and other areas of interest. Reviews political, legal, and administrative institutions related to the planning and development process. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Spring
    Prerequisites:PD 212

  • END 469LAB GIS Applications
    Laboratory

    Covers theory, techniques, and applications in geographic information systems, particularly as applied to planning problems and issues. Includes weekly computer lab. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 1
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies
    Prerequisites:PD 356

  • END 469SEM GIS Applications
    Seminar

    Covers theory, techniques, and applications in geographic information systems, particularly as applied to planning problems and issues. Includes weekly computer lab. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies
    Prerequisites:PD 356

  • END 471SEM 3d Vis & Urban Simulation
    Seminar

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies
    Prerequisites:PD 356

  • END 473SEM Projects in Physical Planning and Design
    Seminar

    Designed to provide a basic understanding of the physical planning, design, and development process. Examines environmental, man-made, and policy elements that impact the physical development planning. Introduces methods for analyzing physical planning and design problems, the applications of physical development planning standards, an understanding of physical planning approaches, and the creation of planning, design, and development solutions.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Spring
    Prerequisites:PD 350SEM

  • END 474SEM Negotiation & Conflict Re
    Seminar

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies

  • END 479SEM Comparaive and Global Development Issues
    Seminar

    Compares significant themes in global issues, global development, and global relations shaping urban and community environments on both the local and international levels.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall

  • END 480LAB Environmental Design Study Abroad
    Laboratory

    The content of this course is variable and therefore it is repeatable for credit. The University Grade Repeat Policy does not apply. A majors-only study abroad course. Locations vary annually. In the past, undergraduate students have participated in environmental design study abroad programs taught in Australia, Cuba, Costa Rica, Canada, the Dutch Antilles, and other international locations as organized by the Department of Urban and Regional Planning. Other in-house study abroad programs will be offered on an ad-hoc basis by the Department of Urban and Regional Planning and the UB Office of Study Abroad, based upon faculty and student interest. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Summer
    Prerequisites:PD 212
    Other Requisites:PD 480

  • END 480LEC Environmental Design Study Abroad
    Lecture

    Locations vary annually. In the past, undergraduate students have participated in environmental design study abroad programs taught in Australia, Cuba, Costa Rica, the Dutch Antilles, and other international locations as organized by the Department of Urban and Regional Planning. Other in-house study abroad programs will be offered on an ad-hoc basis by the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, based upon faculty and student interest. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Summer
    Prerequisites:PD 212
    Other Requisites:PD 480

  • END 488LEC Special Topics
    Lecture

    Topics vary annually. In the past this course addressed hidden systems of cities and urban environments- utilities, water, sewer, telecommunications, and transport. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

  • END 489SEM Special Topics
    Seminar

    Topics vary annually. In the past this course addressed urban hazards and disasters and community revitalization planning. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies

  • END 491SEM Urban Design Special Topics
    Seminar

    Topics vary annually. In the past this course addressed urban design, environmental design, community planning, landscape development, and placemaking. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

  • END 492TUT Environmental Design Colloquium
    Tutorial

    Topics vary annually. In the past, an examination of issues pertaining to environmental design, community planning, and regional development. Included historical, theoretical, formal, technical, and ethical concerns in planning, design, and development. Content defined by instructor; with group discussions focused on assigned readings and field trips. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 1
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies

  • END 493TUT Colloquium II
    Tutorial

    Topics vary annually. In the past, an examination of issues pertaining to environmental design, community planning, and regional development. Included historical, theoretical, formal, technical, and ethical concerns in planning, design, and development. Content defined by instructor; with group discussions focused on assigned readings and field trips. May be offered on an intermittent basis.

    Credits: 1
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered:Varies

  • END 494SEM Visions of the City
    Seminar

    Student-led, faculty-guided reading course covers classic and contemporary books on the natural, built, and urban environments. An undergraduate senior capstone course.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Spring
    Prerequisites:PD 350SEM, PD 360SLB, and Environmental Design Majors only.
    Corequisites:PD 498SEMStudents may not enroll in PD 360SLB and PD 494SEM in the same semester.

  • END 496TUT Environmental Design Internship
    Tutorial

    Offers opportunity to work in urban or regional agencies in areas such as housing development, local government, strategic planning, transportation, community development, environmental affairs, land use, and urban design.

    Credits: 2 - 3
    Grading: Pass/Not Pass (PNP)
    Typically Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer
    Prerequisites: Admission to the Environmental Design BA / Minor or permission of advisement.
    Other Requisites:PD 496

  • END 498SEM Research Projects in Environmental Design
    Seminar

    A required senior undergraduate research and creative activity course. Engages students in environmental design methodologies and individual research on a topic of contemporary interest. Topics vary annually. In the past this course addressed community gardens, urban food security, active living, community design, urban/suburban relations, urban subcultures, urban hazards and disasters, environmental planning, and urban development.

    Credits: 3
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Spring
    Prerequisites:PD 350SEM and PD 360SLB, Approved Environmental Design Major
    Corequisites:PD 494SEM. Students may not enroll in PD 360SLB and PD 498SEM in the same semester.

  • END 499TUT Independent Study
    Tutorial

    Designed to add depth and breadth to a student's degree program. Students electing this course must be accepted for work on a specific topic by a member of the faculty, and must have the approval of the department's chair.

    Credits: 1 - 6
    Grading: Graded (GRD)
    Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
    Prerequisites: Admission to the Environmental Design BA only.
    Other Requisites:PD 499

Department of Urban & Regional Planning

126 Hayes Hall
South Campus
Buffalo, NY 14214-8030

Ph: 716-829-2133
F: 716-829-3256
W:www.ap.buffalo.edu/planning

Ernest Sternberg
Chair

R. J. Multari
Assistant Dean for Undergraduate Education

Donna Rogalski
Secretary for Undergraduate Education

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